They thyroid gland is located at the base of the neck and is shaped like a butterfly. It produces thyroid hormone, which helps to control our bodies’ metabolism. Thyroid disease, whether in the form of hyperthyroidism, nodules, or cancer, is very common.
What Are Thyroid Nodules?
Nodules are abnormal growths within the thyroid gland. Some patients may have just one nodule, while others may have multiple. They are very common in women and may vary in size. While most nodules are non-cancerous, further examination may be needed for nodules with a certain appearance or symptoms. If a nodule is cancerous, it may require thyroid surgery.
Symptoms associated with the need for thyroid surgery include:
- Throat pressure
- Difficulty swallowing
- Visible goiter
- Respiratory distress
When it comes to thyroid cancer, there are various types. In most cases, surgical removal of the thyroid and/or lymph nodes is required. The many types of thyroid cancer include:
- Papillary- This is the most common type of thyroid cancer, and it is generally treated with thyroid surgery.
- Follicular- This form of thyroid cancer is similar to papillary, and is treated using the same methods.
- Medullary- This is a cancer that is formed in the C cells of the thyroid, which make t hormone to maintain the calcium level in the blood. The type of thyroid cancer is less common, and surgery is the most common treatment.
- Anaplastic- This is the rarest form of thyroid cancer, and is the most aggressive.
To determine which treatment is best for your thyroid complications, contact Tuscaloosa ENT today. It is important to undergo an examination of your thyroid nodules to help determine which type of treatment is required to keep you as healthy as possible.